Portrait of a Lady by Khushwant Singh: A Guide to the Characters, Themes and Style of the Story
Portrait of a Lady by Khushwant Singh: A Heart-Warming Story of a Grandmother and Her Grandson
Portrait of a Lady is a short story by Indian writer Khushwant Singh. In this story, he describes how his relationship with his grandmother changed over the years of his life from childhood to adulthood. He had always seen his grandmother as an old woman and refused to accept any possibilities of a young and lively past.
portrait of a lady by khushwant singh pdf download
The story is divided into six parts, each corresponding to a different phase in their relationship. In each part, the author recalls some memorable incidents that reveal his grandmother's personality, values and emotions. He also reflects on how their bond was affected by various factors such as time, place, education and culture.
The story explores various themes such as family, love, tradition, modernity, religion, music, change and death. It also showcases the author's style and tone, which are simple, honest and nostalgic. The title of the story is significant as it suggests that the author is painting a portrait of his grandmother with his words, as well as paying homage to her beauty, grace and dignity.
The Main Characters of the Story
The story revolves around two main characters: the grandmother and the author.
The grandmother is an old lady who is very religious, simple and loving. She spends most of her time praying, reading scriptures, feeding animals and taking care of her grandson. She has a strong sense of morality and dislikes anything that goes against her beliefs. She is also very proud of her grandson and wants him to succeed in life.
The author is a young boy who grows up under his grandmother's care and later becomes a successful writer. He shares a close bond with his grandmother in his childhood, but gradually drifts away from her as he grows older and moves to different places. He admires his grandmother for her devotion, kindness and strength, but also feels sorry for her loneliness and isolation.
The sparrows are another important character in the story. They are the grandmother's companions who share her bread and mourn her death. They symbolize the grandmother's connection with nature and her simple joys in life.
The Themes of the Story
The story deals with various themes that are relevant to human life and society. Some of the major themes are:
The bond between a grandmother and her grandson: The story depicts the love, affection and respect that exist between a grandmother and her grandson. It also shows how their relationship changes over time due to various factors such as age, education, culture and distance.
The contrast between village life and city life: The story contrasts the simple, peaceful and religious life in the village with the complex, noisy and secular life in the city. It also shows how the grandmother and the grandson adapt to different environments and lifestyles.
The role of religion and music in human life: The story highlights the importance of religion and music in human life. Religion gives meaning, purpose and comfort to the grandmother, while music gives joy, expression and creativity to the grandson. The story also shows how religion and music can create conflicts and misunderstandings between people.
The inevitability of change and death: The story reminds us that change and death are inevitable parts of life. It shows how the grandmother and the grandson cope with various changes in their lives, such as moving to different places, pursuing different careers and growing older. It also shows how they face death, both their own and each other's, with courage, acceptance and grace.
The Style and Tone of the Story
The story is written in a simple, honest and nostalgic style. The author uses simple words, sentences and paragraphs to narrate his memories of his grandmother. He does not use any fancy or poetic language to embellish his story. He also does not judge or criticize his grandmother or himself for their actions or choices. He simply tells the story as it happened, without any exaggeration or distortion.
The tone of the story is a mixture of humor, sadness and admiration. The author uses humor to lighten the mood and make the story more engaging. He also uses sadness to express his emotions and make the story more touching. He also uses admiration to show his respect and appreciation for his grandmother and her qualities.
The author also uses vivid description to create a clear picture of his grandmother's appearance, habits and emotions. He uses details such as her white hair, her rosary, her prayers, her feeding of animals, her singing of songs, her illness and her death to make her come alive in the reader's mind.
The Significance of the Title
The title of the story is significant as it suggests that the author is painting a portrait of his grandmother with his words. A portrait is a representation of a person's face or character that captures their essence and personality. The author uses his words to create a portrait of his grandmother that reflects her beauty, grace and dignity.
The title also suggests that the author is paying tribute to his grandmother by calling her a lady. A lady is a polite and respectful term for a woman who has high social status or moral standards. The author respects his grandmother for her values, virtues and achievements. He also acknowledges her as an important person in his life who influenced him in many ways.
How to Download the PDF Version of the Story
If you want to read the full story of Portrait of a Lady by Khushwant Singh, you can download the PDF version from various online sources. Here are some steps you can follow:
Go to your preferred search engine (such as Google or Bing) and type "portrait of a lady by khushwant singh pdf download" in the search box.
Look for the results that have links to PDF files or websites that offer PDF downloads.
Click on the link that matches your criteria (such as file size, quality, language, etc.)
Follow the instructions on the website to download or view the PDF file on your device.
Enjoy reading the story!
However, before you download or read the PDF version of the story, you should be aware of some issues:
The PDF version may not be authorized by the author or publisher. It may be illegal or unethical to download or read it without their permission.
The PDF version may not have the same quality or format as the original book. It may have errors, omissions or alterations that affect your reading experience.
The PDF version may not have any additional features or benefits that the original book may have. For example, it may not have illustrations, annotations, glossaries or references that enhance your understanding of the story.
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Portrait of a Lady by Khushwant Singh is a beautiful story that portrays the relationship between a grandmother and her grandson. It shows how they share their joys and sorrows, how they grow apart and come together, and how they face life and death. It also explores various themes such as family, love, tradition, modernity, religion, music, change and death. It also showcases the author's style and tone, which are simple, honest and nostalgic. The title of the story is significant as it suggests that the author is painting a portrait of his grandmother with his words, as well as paying tribute to her beauty, grace and dignity.
The story is a masterpiece of Indian literature that has touched the hearts of many readers across the world. It is a must-read for anyone who wants to experience the emotions and insights of a talented writer and a loving grandson.
Here are some frequently asked questions about the story:
Q: When and where was the story published?
A: The story was published in 1956 in The New Yorker magazine. It was later included in Khushwant Singh's collection of short stories called The Mark of Vishnu and Other Stories.
Q: Who is Khushwant Singh?
A: Khushwant Singh was a famous Indian writer, journalist, editor and historian. He was born in 1915 in Punjab and died in 2014 in Delhi. He wrote many books on various topics such as history, religion, politics, culture and humor. He was also known for his witty and candid style of writing.
Q: What is the significance of the sparrows in the story?
A: The sparrows are symbolic of the grandmother's connection with nature and her simple joys in life. They also represent her spirit and vitality that remain unchanged despite her old age and death. They also show how her death affects not only her grandson but also other living beings who loved her.
Q: What is the conflict between religion and music in the story?
A: The conflict between religion and music is one of the factors that create a gap between the grandmother and the grandson. The grandmother considers music as a sign of immorality and sin, while the grandson considers it as a source of joy and expression. The grandmother disapproves of his learning music at school, while the grandson feels hurt by her attitude.
Q: What is the message or moral of the story?
A: The message or moral of the story is that we should cherish our relationships with our loved ones and appreciate their qualities and values. We should also respect their choices and differences and try to understand their perspectives. We should also be prepared for change and death as they are inevitable parts of life.